Prorogation of a session usually brings
to an end all proceedings before Parliament. Unfinished business dies on the Order
Paper and must be started anew in a subsequent session. However, for the
purposes of Private Members’ Business, prorogation has almost no practical
The List for the Consideration of Private Members’ Business, established at the
beginning of a Parliament, and the Order of Precedence continue from session to
Private Members’ bills and motions originating in the House, including motions
for papers which have been transferred for debate, need not be reintroduced in
a new session as they automatically are deemed to have passed all stages
completed in the previous session and retain the same place on the Order
Paper. Thus, items placed in the Order of Precedence remain there. Items
designated as non-votable maintain that designation. Private Members’
bills are deemed to have been adopted at all stages of the legislative process
agreed to in the previous session. Bills read a third time and passed are
deemed to have been done so and a new message is sent to the Senate to that
effect. If consideration of an item at a certain stage had begun but had not
been completed, the item is restored at the beginning of that stage, as if no
debate had yet occurred. Bills that were referred to a committee in the
previous session are deemed referred back to the same committee. For the
purposes of the Standing Orders, the deadline for reporting a private Member’s
bill from committee is 60 sitting days following the day it is deemed referred
to the committee, usually on the first day of the session. For ease of
reference, all bills and motions under Private Members’ Business retain the
same number from session to session.
Bills and motions that are adopted,
defeated, withdrawn or dropped from the Order Paper are no longer before
the House and are therefore not carried over following a prorogation. These
may, however, be reintroduced (with the exception of bills given Royal Assent).
No item can be carried over from one Parliament to the next.
Some private Members’ bills originate in
the Senate and are sent to the House after passage by the Senate. As they are
the result of proceedings in the other place, these bills cannot automatically
be carried over from session to session. However, should the Senate decide to
adopt a bill that is identical to one sent to the House in a previous session
of the same Parliament, the sponsor of the bill in the House may ask that it be
reinstated at the same stage of the legislative process. Such reinstatement can
occur only within the first 60 sitting days of the session. If the bill
receives first reading later than 60 days into the session, no reinstatement is
possible and the bill must continue through the regular legislative process. In
addition, only Senate public bills can be reinstated. Private bills, which are
subject to a number of other requirements, are not eligible for reinstatement.
The request for reinstatement of a Senate
bill is made by the sponsor at the moment of the bill’s first reading. If the
Speaker agrees that the bill is in the same form as a previous bill, he or she
then announces that the bill is deemed to have passed whatever stages the House
had agreed to in the previous session.
If consideration of the bill at a certain stage had begun but had not been
completed, the item is restored at the beginning of that stage as if no debate
had yet occurred. Bills that were referred to a committee in the previous
session are deemed referred back to the same committee.
 Standing Order 86.1.
 Standing Order 87.
 See, for example, Motion M‑322
in the name of Stéphane Dion (Saint‑Laurent–Cartierville),
designated non-votable on May 10, 2007 during the First Session of
the Thirty‑Ninth Parliament and reinstated in the Second Session on October 16, 2007
(Debates, May 10, 2007, pp. 9287‑8; Order Paper
and Notice Paper at Prorogation, September 14, 2007, pp. 39,
41; Order Paper and Notice Paper, October 17, 2007,
 Standing Order 97.1(1). See, for example,
the Speaker’s statements at the opening of the Third Session of the
Thirty-Seventh Parliament (Debates, February 2, 2004,
pp. 10-1) and the Second Session of the Thirty‑Ninth Parliament (Debates,
October 16, 2007, pp. 2‑3).
 Standing Order 86.2(1).
 See, for example, Debates,
November 30, 2007, p. 1589; December 12, 2007,
p. 2095; February 12, 2008, p. 2921.