You know what we demand of you, Mr. Speaker. Perfection! We want fairness, independence, decisiveness,
patience, common sense, good humour, upholding the traditions of the House, knowledge of the rules and an
intuition for the changing mood and tone of the House as we move through our days.
John N. Turner, Leader of the Opposition
(Debates, September 30, 1986, p. 9)
he Speaker of the House of Commons holds a position which is not only
one of historical significance but also one of important responsibility. The incumbent of the office
performs several functions falling into three main categories. First, the Speaker presides over debate in
the House and is responsible for enforcing and interpreting all rules and practices and for the preservation
of order and decorum in the proceedings of the House. Second, the Speaker is the chief administrative
officer of the House of Commons. Third, the Speaker is the representative or spokesperson for the House in
its relations with authorities or persons outside Parliament. This chapter describes the speakership from a
general point of view and enumerates the specific powers, duties and responsibilities attached to the
office of Speaker.