Witnesses: University of British Columbia: Michael Byers, Professor and Canada Research Chair (Tier One) in Global Politics and International Law. Department of National Defence: Col G. Herfst, Deputy Judge Advocate General Operations. Amnesty International Canada: Alex Neve, Secretary General, English Speaking Section. Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade: Sabine Nölke, Deputy Director, United Nations, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Section, Bureau of Legal Affairs. Department of National Defence: Vincent Rigby, Acting Assistant Deputy Minister (Policy). Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade: Colleen Swords, Assistant Deputy Minister, International Security Branch and Political Director.