Plus apud nos vera ratio valeat quam vulgi opinio
“Let reason prevail with me [us] more than popular opinion”
Cicero, Stoichorum Paradoxa 8
Here, in a philosophical treatise with a less utilitarian purpose than his oration, Cicero proposes that a conscientious individual should not be swayed by unreflective fashions, even if the majority of people hold them.31 Taken together, the two Ciceronian mottoes have a clear relevance to the Canadian Senate’s mandate. Far from emphasizing a hierarchical class system in government, they evoke the spirit of free debate, enlightened by reasoned individual conscience, at a remove from the more boisterous partisan wranglings of the elected Lower House.