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HillNotes are brief analyses of current or emerging issues that also provide related resources for further reading, as well as recent news clippings on the topics. HillNotes over 90 days old may be found in the Archives section.

Aboriginal Representation on Juries and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

15 July 2015

On 21 May 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decision in R. v. Kokopenace, which examined the constitutionally protected right of an Aboriginal accused person to be tried by a representative jury.

National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy: An Update

2 July 2015

In June 2010, the federal government unveiled its National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy (NSPS) to renew and modernize the fleets of the Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Coast Guard over the next three decades.

Legislating a Balanced Budget: Requirements in Canada and Abroad

30 June 2015

On 7 May 2015, Canada’s federal government introduced the Federal Balanced Budget Act as part of Bill C-59, the first budget implementation bill for the 2015 budget.

Our National Anthem’s 35th Anniversary: The Evolution of “O Canada”

26 June 2015

On Canada Day 2015, the nation celebrates the 35th anniversary of “O Canada” as its official national anthem. Versions of the song have been sung for over a century.

National Aboriginal Day: Celebrating Aboriginal Cultures, Heritage and Achievements

19 June 2015

On June 21, hundreds of communities across Canada will hold numerous events for National Aboriginal Day to celebrate Aboriginal cultures and contributions to Canada.

Bill C-59: Implementing the April 2015 Budget

5 June 2015

When the finance minister delivers the government’s budget in the House of Commons, a complex approval process is just beginning.

Canada and the 2015 Pan American and Parapan American Games in Toronto

2 June 2015

Some 7,000 athletes from 41 countries and territories in the Americas will soon converge on Toronto to take part in the Pan American and Parapan American Games.

The Declining Monarch Butterfly Population: Government Responses

29 May 2015

Many environmental issues in North America require continent-wide cooperation. Managing the monarch butterfly, the only butterfly known to make a two-way migration like birds do, is an example of this need.

In retrospect: The 10th Anniversary of the Supreme Court Decision in Canada (House of Commons) v. Vaid, and the Future of Parliamentary Privilege

27 May 2015

Ten years ago, in May 2005, the Supreme Court of Canada released a landmark decision that clarified the scope and application of parliamentary privilege.

The Supreme Court Once Again Clarifies Minority Language Education Rights

20 May 2015

On 24 April 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) issued a ruling in which it found that there had been a breach of the minority language education rights guaranteed by section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Part II: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: Assessment of Potential Technologies

13 May 2015

The main technology options available to produce molybdenum-99 (99Mo) (or technetium-99m (99mTc) directly) can be grouped under two broad categories: reactor-based technologies and accelerator-based options.

Part I: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: A Work in Progress

13 May 2015

The global supply of medical isotopes remains uncertain, despite increased efforts at home and abroad to secure production sources.

Mouvement laïque québécois v. Saguenay (City): Freedom of Religion and the State’s Duty of Neutrality

12 May 2015

On 14 April 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada unanimously agreed that the City of Saguenay is not permitted to open its council meetings with a prayer and that the state must remain neutral in matters of religion.

The Confederation Inkstand

8 May 2015

The Confederation Inkstand is a Canadian artifact that, although unremarkable in its design and manufacture, is historically important because it was used at three significant moments in the nation’s history.

Crowdfunding and Charitable Giving: The Donation-Based Model

5 May 2015

Crowdfunding – a practice in which many entities make small contributions through the Internet and social media – is an increasingly popular way for citizens, businesses and not-for-profit organizations to raise funds for charitable causes.

Canada’s Anti–Money Laundering and Anti–Terrorist Financing Regime: The Legal Profession’s Obligations

1 May 2015

On 13 February 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that certain provisions of the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act that impose obligations on lawyers violate the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Mandatory Minimum Sentences and Section 12 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

29 April 2015

On 14 April 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada released its decision in R. v. Nur, a case that challenged the constitutionality of mandatory minimum sentences for the possession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition.

National Day of Mourning: Remembering Those Killed or Injured on the Job

28 April 2015

Since the early 1980s, Canadian labour unions have observed 28 April as a day of mourning for workers who were killed or injured as a result of workplace-related hazards and incidents.

The Arctic Council Under Canada’s Chairmanship

24 April 2015

As Canada’s 2013–2015 chairmanship of the Arctic Council comes to an end, the country hands that role over to the United States at the biennial Arctic Council ministerial meeting on 24–25 April 2015 in the Nunavut capital of Iqaluit.

Organ Donation in Canada

21 April 2015

Every year, the number of Canadians awaiting organ transplantation surgery surpasses the number of organs available for transplant.

Update: Water Pollution from Microplastic Beads in Consumer Products

20 April 2015

Since the publication of the HillNote on water pollution from microplastic beads in consumer products, Parliamentary initiatives have been introduced by both the federal government and the provincial government in Ontario.

Please note: The links provided within HillNotes may point to external sources. The Library of Parliament is neither affiliated with these organizations nor responsible for content found on their websites.

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