Library of Parliament Research Publications
HillNotes are brief analyses of current or emerging issues that also provide related resources for further reading, as well as recent news clippings on the topics. HillNotes over 90 days old may be found in the Archives section.
10 December 2014
According to the Industry Canada report Credit Condition Trends, in 2013, financing approval rates were 81% for businesses with up to four employees, 84% for those with between five and 19 employees, and 93% for those with between 20 and 99 employees. With unmet financing needs, some of Canada’s small businesses are turning to non-traditional sources, such as crowdfunding.
9 December 2014
This is the third in a series of six instalments that present an overview of parliamentary debates surrounding the First World War, the 100th anniversary of whose outbreak Canada commemorates this year.
The Tax-Free Savings Account – 2. Impact on Household Personal Finance Strategies and Federal Fiscal Cost
4 December 2014
This is the second in a series of two articles that provide information and statistics regarding the Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA). The TFSA will celebrate its sixth anniversary in January 2015. It is the most significant personal savings vehicle established by the federal government since the Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP), which was created in 1957.
2 December 2014
This is the first in a series of two articles that provide information and statistics regarding the Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA). The TFSA will celebrate its sixth anniversary in January 2015. It is the most significant personal savings vehicle established by the federal government since the Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP), which was created in 1957.
26 November 2014
In June 2014 the Supreme Court of Canada released a landmark decision in R. v. Spencer in which it held that Internet users can have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their online activities. It found that a police request made without a warrant to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) for customer information corresponding to particular Internet activity amounted to a “search” under section 8 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the Charter).
21 November 2014
Just what can others learn about you from the metadata you generate? This will give you an idea:
18 November 2014
To help parliamentarians fulfill their responsibilities, they receive public funds, which allow them to hire staff, travel to and from their constituencies and pay various costs related to their duties. … To put the Canadian situation into greater context, this HillNote outlines practices related to the disclosure and review of parliamentarians’ expenses in the United Kingdom, Australia and France.
6 November 2014
The Ebola epidemic in West Africa has been described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered” in 1976.
5 November 2014
Given the ubiquity of communication technologies and the potential for the Internet to be used in criminal activities, telecommunications data are becoming increasingly important to domestic and international criminal investigations.
22 October 2014
Lawful access is an investigation technique used by national security and law enforcement agencies. It entails the interception of private communications and the seizure of information where authorized by law. This document examines how the Canadian legislative framework strikes a balance between the need for lawful access and privacy protection.
15 October 2014
Bill C-24, the Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, received Royal Assent on 19 June 2014, enacting the most comprehensive changes to Canadian citizenship in a generation.
10 October 2014
On 11 October 2014, Canada and the international community will be celebrating the third annual International Day of the Girl Child. The occasion serves to recognize the rights of girls and highlight the unique challenges they face daily.
3 October 2014
This is the second in a series of six instalments that present an overview of parliamentary debates surrounding the First World War, the 100th anniversary of whose outbreak Canada commemorates this year.
30 September 2014
Between 2003 and 2013, China’s direct investment in Canada increased from $216 million to $16.7 billion, while Canadian direct investment in China grew from $838 million to $4.9 billion.
24 September 2014
This is the first in a series of six instalments that present an overview of parliamentary debates surrounding the First World War, the 100th anniversary of whose outbreak Canada commemorates this year.
16 September 2014
More than 4 million people in Scotland – including teenagers aged 16 and 17 – are eligible to head to the polls on 18 September for a “once-in-a-generation opportunity” to decide whether Scotland will remain part of the United Kingdom (U.K.).
18 June 2014
On 27 June 2014, Canadian Multiculturalism Day, we will celebrate Canada’s diversity and the contributions of the many cultures that co-exist in this country.
Today, as attitudes toward different cultures evolve, so too do the terms used to describe the nation’s various population groups. Knowing which terms to use, and to whom they apply, can often be challenging.
11 June 2014
The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) became U.S. law in 2010. It aims to prevent American taxpayers from using foreign bank accounts to evade taxes, and it will begin to have effects in Canada on 1 July 2014.
4 June 2014
Since the Criminal Code came into force in 1892, adult prostitution has not in itself been illegal in Canada, although many activities surrounding prostitution are.
Today, provisions relating to prostitution are set out in sections 210 to 213 of the Code. They include the offences of keeping, using or transporting a person to a bawdy-house (brothel); procuring and living on the avails of prostitution; and communicating in public.
28 May 2014
Since the invention of computers, all materials created or operating on the devices – documents, photos, company files and programs – have been stored on the computers themselves or on an external storage device (floppy disk, memory stick, external hard drive, etc). But the advent of the phenomenon called “cloud computing” has revolutionized the way in which digitized items are kept.
In the simplest terms, “the cloud,” as it is called, allows users to store and access data and programs over the Internet instead of through on-premises storage devices.
14 May 2014
National Mining Week, which began on 12 May, provides an opportunity to look at an area of great mineral potential in Northern Ontario called the Ring of Fire. This area helps to illustrate some of the challenges the mining industry continues to face.
These challenges include dealing with a sensitive ecosystem and a lack of infrastructure, engaging First Nations communities and improving education and training opportunities.
7 May 2014
A growing number of Canadians and municipalities are concerned about the installation of telecommunications and broadcasting antenna towers in their neighbourhoods. Among the preoccupations are the towers’ appearance and the possible increased human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR), which is a form of energy that is emitted and received by the towers’ antennae.
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